Constraints and Barriers

Roberts, N.S. & Spears, A. (2020). Coloring Outside the Lines column. Connecting the dots: Why does what and who came before us matter?  Parks Stewardship Forum, The interdisciplinary journal of place-based conservation, 36(2), 173-187.

Razani, N., Stookey, J., Brainin-Rodriguez, L., Roberts, N.S., Rutherford, G.W., & Chan, C. (2016).  Surmounting barriers to public health/park agency partnerships: Insights from a county public health department.  Journal of Parks & Recreation Administration – Special issue on Healthy Parks, Healthy People, 34(1), 53-67.

Roberts, N.S. & Chitewere, T. (2011). Speaking of justice: Exploring ethnic minority perspectives of the Golden Gate National Recreation AreaEnvironmental Practice13(4), 1-16. (E-print copy/online)

Roberts, N.S. (2009). “Ethnic minority visitors and non-visitors: An examination of constraints regarding outdoor recreation participation in Rocky Mountain National Park”. Beau-Bassin, Mauritius, Germany: VDM Publishing House Ltd.

Roberts, N.S. & Rodriguez, D.A. (2008, Winter).  A mixed method approach: Examining constraints effecting ethnic minority visitor use of national parks.   Ethnic Studies Review, 31(2), 35-70.

Roberts, N.S., Rodriguez, D.A, & Bright A.D. (2005). Triangulation using Delphi, focus groups, and survey to assess outdoor recreation constraints among minority park visitors. Proceedings from the Symposium on Leisure Research. National Recreation and Park Association Congress, San Antonio, TX.

Roberts, N.S. & Warren K. (1996). Addressing racism in experiential education programs. In B. Baker (Ed.), AEE Conference Proceedings. Association for Experiential Education 24th International Conference. Spokane, WA.

Washington, S.J. & Roberts, N.S. (1996). Forming cross-race relationships in experiential education: Exploring the issues. In. B. Baker (Ed.), AEE Conference Proceedings. Association for Experiential Education 24th International Conference. Spokane, WA.

Roberts, N.S. & Drogin, E.B. (1993). The outdoor recreation experience: Factors affecting participation of African American women. Journal of Experiential Education, 16(1), 14-18.

Diversity, Equity, Inclusion

Roberts, N.S. & Spears, A. (2020). Coloring Outside the Lines column. Connecting the dots: Why does what and who came before us matter?   Parks Stewardship Forum, The interdisciplinary journal of place-based conservation, 36(2), 173-187.

Flores, D., Falco, G., Roberts, N.S.,, & Valenzuela, F.P. (2018, April 21). Recreation equity: Is the Forest Service serving its diverse publicsJournal of Forestry, fvx016 [online with PDF available], doi.org/10.1093/jofore/fvx016. (See also USFS Science You Can Use Bulletin, May/June, 2018, Issue 30).

Rao, T. & Roberts, N.S. (2017).  Voices of women of colour: Dreaming of an inclusive outdoor leadership environment.  In, T. Gray & D. Mitten (Eds.), The Palgrave Macmillan International Handbook of Women and Outdoor LearningLondon, England: Palgrave Macmillan. (Brief interview w/ the editors).

Mowatt, R. A., Johnson, C. W., Roberts, N. S., & Kivel, B. D. (2016). “Embarrassingly White”: Faculty racial disparities in American recreation, park & tourism programs. Schole: A Journal of Leisure Studies & Recreation Education, 31(1), 37-55.

Roberts, N.S. (2016, November). Review: Black faces white spaces: Reimagining the relationship of African Americans to the great outdoors by Carolyn FinneyThe Public Historian 38(4), (pp. 335-337) DOI: 10.1525/tph.2016.38.4.335.

Wolch, J., Brashares, J.S., Kormos, C.F., Lehnertz, C.S. & Roberts, N.S. (2016). The spiritual and cultural significance of nature: Inspiring connections between people and parks. In S. Bessinger, D. Ackerly, H. Doremus, & G.E. Machlis (Eds.). Science, Conservation, and National Parks. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Roberts, N.S. (2015). Race, ethnicity, and outdoor studies: Trends, challenges, and forward momentum. In B. Humberstone, H. Prince & K. Henderson, International Handbook of Outdoor Studies, pp. 341-350. United Kingdom: Routledge.

Roberts, N.S. (2015). Effectively Connecting with Communities Across Cultures: There’s No App for That!  Special Issue on Diversity Introduction, Journal of Interpretation Research, 20(1), 7-10.

Johnson-Gaither, C., Roberts, N.S., & Hanula, K. (2015). Visitor diversity through the Recreation manager lens: Comparing Forest Service Regions 8 (South) and 5 (California). USDA Forest Service, GTR-SRS-205.

Roberts, N.S. (2015). Race, ethnicity, and outdoor studies: Trends, challenges, and forward momentum. In B. Humberstone, H. Prince & K. Henderson,  International Handbook of Outdoor Studies, pp. 341-350. United Kingdom: Routledge.

Roberts, N.S. (2015). Effectively connecting with communities across cultures: There’s no App for that! Special Issue on Diversity Introduction, Journal of Interpretation Research, 20(1), 7-10.

Warren, K., Roberts, N.S., Bruenig, M. & Alvarez, T. (2014). Social justice in outdoor experiential education: Past, present and future. Journal of Experiential Education, 37(1), 89-103

Roberts, N.S. (2013). Meeting at the crossroads: Progress for multiracial people or delicate balance amid old divides? In D. Dustin & K. Schwab (Eds.), Just leisure: Addressing social & environmental justice in parks, recreation and tourism, pp 27-34. Urbana, IL: Sagamore.

Bowser, G., Roberts, N., Simmons, D., & Perales, K. (2012). The color of climate: Ecology, environment, climate change, and women of color— Exploring environmental leadership from the perspective of women of color in science.  In D. Rigling-Gallagher (Ed.), Environmental Leadership: A Reference Handbook, pp. 60-67.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage publications.

Roberts, N.S. & Chitewere, T. (2011). Speaking of justice: Exploring ethnic minority perspectives of the Golden Gate National Recreation AreaEnvironmental Practice13(4), 1-16. (E-print copy/online)

Roberts, N.S. (2010). “What Are You, Anyway? From Tea at High Noon to Curry and Masala Dosa:  How Identity and Experience Interact to Challenge the System.” In D. Dustin & K. Paisley (Eds.). Speaking Up/Speaking Out: Working for Social and Environmental Justice, pp. 32-40.  Urbana, IL: Sagamore.

Roberts, N.S. (2009). Crossing the color line with a different perspective on whiteness and (anti)racism: A response to Mary McDonald.  Journal of Leisure Research41(4), 495-509. 

Roberts, N.S., Chavez, D.J., Lara, B.M., & Sheffield, E.A. (2009). “Serving culturally diverse visitors to forests in California: A resource guide.” General Technical Report, PSW-GTR-222. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station. 76 p.

Roberts, N.S. (2008, December).  “Use of Public Lands and Open Space for Recreation: Connecting with Diverse Communities.” In D. Newsom and B. Gentry (Eds.), Broadening the Base through Open Space: Addressing Demographic Trends by Saving Land and Serving People. Yale Conservation Strategies Workshop Proceedings ~ July 9-11, 2008, Monterey, CA.  (Sponsored by Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, Report 19).

Roberts, N.S. & Rodriguez, D.A. (2008, Winter). A mixed-method approach: Examining constraints effecting ethnic minority visitor use of national parks. Ethnic Studies Review, 31(2), 35-70.

Roberts, N.S. (2008). “Embracing diversity.” In K. Hamilton & H. Montgomery (Eds.), Our Land. Our Youth. Our Future: Commemorating 50 years of the Student Conservation Association (pp. 39-40). Charlestown, NH: The SCA.

Roberts, N.S. (2008, February). “How multiculturalism in a changing society can influence experiential education” – Observations from the Field: 2007 Kurt Hahn Address. The Horizon, Newsletter of the Association for Experiential Education.

Roberts, N.S. (2005). “147 Practical Tips for Teaching Diversity”, Contributing Author. In, W.M. Timpson, R. Yang, E. Borrayo, & S.S. Canetto (Eds.). Madison, WI: Atwood Publishing.

Rodriguez, D.A. & Roberts, N.S. (2005). Understanding the influence of gender and ethnicity on evaluations of outdoor leader effectivenessWorld Leisure Journal, 47(1), 32-44.

Gray, M.S. & Roberts, N.S. (2005). “Wake up! The world is not safe: Your program may not be as safe as you think it is.” In C. Jones (Ed.), Proceedings of the 2005 Wilderness Risk Management Conference, Snowbird, UT. October 28-30, 2005. Lander, WY: National Outdoor Leadership School.

Gomez, E., Roberts, N.S., & Chavez, D.J. (2004). “Impact through action, influence and involvement-Ethnic minority recreation: Where to from here?”  In D. Harmon, B.M. Kilgore, and G.E. Vietzke (Eds). Proceedings of the George Wright Society/National Park Service Joint Conference, pp. 251-254.  April 14-18, 2003. San Diego, CA. Hancock, MI: The George Wright Society.

Gray, M.S. & Roberts, N.S. (2003). Culture, competency and risk management: Where will the three meet? Camping Magazine, 76(6), 50-53.

Roberts, N.S. (2003). “Teaching about diversity issues in natural resources and outdoor recreation courses: Challenges and complexities.” In W. Timpson, S. Canetto, E. Borrayo, & R. Yang (Eds.),Teaching diversity: Challenges and complexities, identities, and integrity, pp. 227-246. Madison, WI: Atwood.

Rodriguez, D.A. & Roberts, N.S. (2002). “State of the Knowledge Report: The association of race/ethnicity, gender, and social class in outdoor recreation experiences.” NPS Social Science Program, General Technical Report, Washington, DC: National Park Service.

Rodriguez, D.A. & Roberts, N.S. (2002). ORRRC at 40! Diversity in America’s parks and outdoorsParks & Recreation37(4), 108-110.

Roberts, N.S. & Outley, C. (2002). Innovation and Resourcefulness: Recruit and Retain a Diverse Staff in the 21st Century (Research Update). Parks & Recreation, 37(4), 39-47.

Roberts, N.S. & Rodriguez, D.A. (2001, Sept/Oct). Reaching out: Study finds national parks employ innovative strategies to reach ethnically diverse communitiesNational Parks, 75(9-10), 38-39.

Gwaltney, W.W., Cheek, L., Stevens, J.L., & Roberts, N.S. (2001).  “All the Colors of the Earth: Critical Directions in the Interpretation of American Wilderness”. In NAI conference proceedings, 2001 Interpretive Source book, 19-21.

Washington, S. J. & Roberts, N.S. (1999). Adventure education for teaching cross-cultural competencies. Adventure Education (2nd edition), S. Priest & J. Miles (Eds). State College, PA: Venture.

Roberts, N.S. & Rodriguez, D.R. (1999, December). Multicultural issues in outdoor education. ERIC Digest. Charleston, WV: ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. EDO RC 99 6.

Roberts, N.S. & Henderson, K.A. (1997). Women of color in the outdoors: Culture and meanings. Journal of Experiential Education, 20(3), 134-142.

Roberts, N.S. & Gray, S. (1997). The impact of diversity issues on risk management. In J. Gookin (Ed.), Wilderness Risk Managers Conference Proceedings, October 12-14. Snowbird, UT.

Roberts, N.S. (1996). “Women of color in experiential education: Crossing cultural boundaries.” In K. Warren (Ed). Women’s voices in experiential education (pp. 226-240). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.

Roberts, N.S. & Winiarczk, E. (1996). “Women in experiential education speak out: An anthology of personal stories across culture.” In K. Warren (Ed.). Women’s voices in experiential education (pp. 288-312). Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt.

Roberts, N.S. & Drogin, E.B. (1996). Attitudes and experiences of women of color in the outdoors.  Abstracts from the Symposium on Leisure Research, National Recreation and Park Association Congress, Kansas City, KS.

Roberts, N.S. (Guest Editor) (1996, December). NAALA in experiential education: Beyond participation (Special Theme Issue). Journal of Experiential Education, Boulder, CO: Association for Experiential Education.

Roberts, N.S. (1996, Summer). Young conservation pioneers in the 90s: Continuing the legacy. Winds of Change, 11(3), 62-63. (American Indian Education & Opportunity).

Roberts, N.S. & Warren K. (1996). Addressing racism in experiential education programs. In B. Baker (Ed.), AEE Conference Proceedings. Association for Experiential Education 24th International Conference. Spokane, WA.

Washington, S.J. & Roberts, N.S. (1996). Forming cross-race relationships in experiential education: Exploring the issues. In. B. Baker (Ed.), AEE Conference Proceedings. Association for Experiential Education 24th International Conference. Spokane, WA.

Henderson, K.A. & Roberts, N.S. (1996). Women of color in the outdoors: Involvement and culture Abstracts from the Symposium on Leisure Research. National Recreation and Park Association Congress, Kansas City, KS.

Roberts, N.S. & Drogin, E.B. (1993). The outdoor recreation experience: Factors affecting participation of African American women. Journal of Experiential Education, 16(1), 14-18.

Parks, Conservation, Natural Resources (broad)

Roberts, N.S. & Hart, C. (26 March 2020). “To close or not to close? That is the question! Parks as sanctuaries and refuges in times of crisis“. Opinion Editorial, Bay Nature Magazine .

Hart, C. & Roberts, N.S. (2020). Coloring Outside the Lines column.  Sea-Level rise and vanishing coastal parks: A call to action for park managers and leaders.  Parks Stewardship Forum. The interdisciplinary journal of place-based conservation, 36(1).

Wolch, J., Brashares, J.S., Kormos, C.F., Lehnertz, C.S. & Roberts, N.S. (2016). The spiritual and cultural significance of nature: Inspiring connections between people and parks. In S. Bessinger, D. Ackerly, H. Doremus, & G.E. Machlis (Eds.). Science, Conservation, and National Parks. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Roberts, N.S. & Rao, T. (2014). The Modern Urban Park: Access and Programming– Where have we been, where shall we go? Unpublished manuscript. San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA. 15pp.

Roberts, N.S. & Chitewere, T. (2011). Speaking of justice: Exploring ethnic minority perspectives of the Golden Gate National Recreation AreaEnvironmental Practice13(4), 1-16. (E-print copy/online)

Roberts, N.S. & Rodriguez, D.A. (2008, Winter).  A mixed method approach: Examining constraints effecting ethnic minority visitor use of national parks. Ethnic Studies Review, 31(2), 35-70.

Roberts, N.S. (2008, December).  “Use of Public Lands and Open Space for Recreation: Connecting with Diverse Communities.” In D. Newsom and B. Gentry (Eds.), Broadening the Base through Open Space: Addressing Demographic Trends by Saving Land and Serving People. Yale Conservation Strategies Workshop Proceedings ~ July 9-11, 2008, Monterey, CA.  (Sponsored by Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, Report 19).

Roberts, N.S. (2003). “Partners in stewardship: Considerations for natural resource stewardship and science in national parks.” National Park Service, Natural Resource Year in Review. Washington, DC: Department of Interior, National Park Service.

Roberts, N.S. (2003). “Teaching about diversity issues in natural resources and outdoor recreation courses: Challenges and complexities.” In W. Timpson, S. Canetto, E. Borrayo, & R. Yang (Eds.),Teaching diversity: Challenges and complexities, identities, and integrity, pp. 227-246. Madison, WI: Atwood.

Whatley, M., Roberts, N.S., & Murdock, B.L. (2002). “Critical natural resource issues in the National Parks: Tips and techniques for skillful communication of scientific findings.” In R.S. Paris (Ed.), Interpretive Source book, Proceedings of the National Interpreters Workshop, November 12-16, 2002, (Virginia Beach, VA). Fort Collins, CO: National Association for Interpretation.

Roberts, N.S. & Rodriguez, D.A. (2001, Sept/Oct). Reaching out: Study finds national parks employ innovative strategies to reach ethnically diverse communitiesNational Parks, 75(9-10), 38-39.

Gwaltney, W.W., Cheek, L., Stevens, J.L., & Roberts, N.S. (2001).  “All the Colors of the Earth: Critical Directions in the Interpretation of American Wilderness”. In NAI conference proceedings, 2001 Interpretive Source book, 19-21.

Roberts, N.S. (1996, Summer). Young conservation pioneers in the 90s: Continuing the legacy. Winds of Change, 11(3), 62-63. (American Indian Education & Opportunity).

Women & Girls | Women of Color

Rao, T. & Roberts, N.S. (2017).  Voices of women of colour: Dreaming of an inclusive outdoor leadership environment.  In, T. Gray & D. Mitten (Eds.), The Palgrave Macmillan International Handbook of Women and Outdoor LearningLondon, England: Palgrave Macmillan. (Brief interview w/ the editors).

Roberts, N.S. (2016). Intricate yet nourishing: Multiracial women, ecology, and social wellbeing. In J.M. Canty (Ed.)., Ecological and Social Healing: Multicultural Women’s Voices, pp. 78-99. New York, NY: Routledge. (Book panel & discussion, The New School, NYC, 9/8/16).

Barr-Wilson, S. & Roberts, N.S. (2016). Adolescent girls & body image: Influence of outdoor adventure on healthy livingJournal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 8(2), 148-164.

Bowser, G., Roberts, N., Simmons, D., & Perales, K. (2012). The color of climate: Ecology, environment, climate change, and women of color— Exploring environmental leadership from the perspective of women of color in science.  In D. Rigling-Gallagher (Ed.), Environmental Leadership: A Reference Handbook, pp. 60-67.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage publications.

McKenney, P., Budbill, N.W. & Roberts, N.S. (2008).  “Girls’ Outdoor Adventure Programs:  History, Theory, and Practice.”  In K. Warren, D. Mitten, T.A. Loeffler (Eds.), Theory of Experiential Education, 4th ed, pp. 532-554. Boulder, CO:  Association for Experiential Education.

Roberts, N.S. (2006).  Women in the workplace.  Parks & Recreation, 41(10), 43-44, 49-50. Ashburn, VA:  National Recreation and Park Association (Contributing authors:  D. Chavez, M. Dougherty, & K. Hooper).

Roberts, N.S. (2004). Interview: Elizabeth C. Titus-Putnam, Founder & Lifetime Board Member, Student Conservation Association. Women in Natural Resources online issue, June 2004.

Roberts, N.S. (2003). Interview: Fran Mainella, Director, National Park Service. Women in Natural Resources, 24(2), 2-10.

Roberts, N.S. (2001). “From rhythm to rocks: An intimate connection.” In L. West-Smith (Ed.), Body Stories: Research and intimate narratives on women transforming body image in outdoor adventure. Edgewood, KY: Adventurehaven Press.

Henderson, K.A. & Roberts, N.S. (1999). An integrative review of the literature on women in the outdoors. In K. Fox, P. Foti, L. McAvoy & A. Young (Eds.). Coalition for Education in the Outdoors Conference Proceedings, January 9-11, 1998. Bradford Woods, IN.

Roberts, N.S. (Ed.). (1998). A Guide to Women’s Studies in the Outdoors: A Review of Literature and Research with Annotated Bibliography, 5th ed. Needham Heights, MA: Simon & Schuster

Roberts, N.S. (Ed.). (1997). Women in experiential education professional group: A collective account of our roots and growth. Boulder, CO: Association for Experiential Education.

Roberts, N.S. & Henderson, K.A. (1997). Women of color in the outdoors: Culture and meanings. Journal of Experiential Education, 20(3), 134-142.

Roberts, N.S. (1996). “Women of color in experiential education: Crossing cultural boundaries.” In K. Warren (Ed). Women’s voices in experiential education (pp. 226-240). Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt.

Roberts, N.S. & Winiarczk, E. (1996). “Women in experiential education speak out: An anthology of personal stories across culture.” In K. Warren (Ed.). Women’s voices in experiential education (pp. 288-312). Dubuque, IA: Kendall Hunt.

Roberts, N.S. & Drogin, E.B. (1996). Attitudes and experiences of women of color in the outdoors.  Abstracts from the Symposium on Leisure Research, National Recreation and Park Association Congress, Kansas City, KS.

Henderson, K.A. & Roberts, N.S. (1996). Women of color in the outdoors: Involvement and culture. Abstracts from the Symposium on Leisure Research. National Recreation and Park Association Congress, Kansas City, KS.

Henderson, K.A., Winn, S. & Roberts, N.S. (1996). Kind of in the middle: The gendered meanings of the outdoors for women students. Third Biennial Outdoor Education Research Symposium Proceedings.  Coalition for Education in the Outdoors. Martinsville, IN: Bradford Woods.

Roberts, N.S. (1995, May). Wilderness as therapy for women (Research Update), Parks & Recreation, 30(5), 26-32.

Roberts, N.S. & Bialeschki, M.D. (1995). Women outdoors: Historical perspective and review of research. In L. Frank (Ed.), AEE Conference Proceedings (pp. 249-252). Association for Experiential Education 23rd International Conference. Lake Geneva, WI.

Roberts, N.S. & Drogin, E.B. (1993). The outdoor recreation experience: Factors affecting participation of African American women. Journal of Experiential Education, 16(1), 14-18.

Roberts, N.S. (1992). “The portrayal of women in climbing magazine: A content analysis, 1970-1990.” Master’s Thesis (M.A.); University of Maryland, College Park. University Microfilms, Inc. (No: MA0043100001).

Youth

Montero, A.C., Roberts, N.S., Wilson, J., & Fonfa, L. (2018). Every kid in the woods: The outdoor education experience of diverse youthJournal of Interpretation Research, 23(1), 5-25.

Barr-Wilson, S. & Roberts, N.S. (2016). Adolescent girls & body image: Influence of outdoor adventure on healthy livingJournal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 8(2), 148-164.

Roberts, N.S. & Suren, A. (2010).  Through the eyes of youth: A qualitative evaluation of outdoor leadership programs.  Journal of Park & Recreation Administration, 28(4), 59-80.

Roberts, N.S. (2009). The impacts of the National Green Corps Eco-club program on students in India and their participation in environmental education activities. Environmental Education Research, 15(4), 443-464.

Roberts, N.S. (1996, Summer). Young conservation pioneers in the 90s: Continuing the legacy. Winds of Change, 11(3), 62-63. (American Indian Education & Opportunity).

 

 

Miscellaneous

Garvey, D., Pace, S., Mitten, D., & Roberts, N.S. (2008). “A History of AEE.” In K. Warren, D. Mitten, & T.A. Loeffler (Eds.), Theory of Experiential Education, 4th ed., pp. 93-104. Boulder, CO:  Association for Experiential Education.

Roberts, N.S. & Yerkes, R. (Eds.) (2000, Fall). Research in experiential education: Where to from here? Journal of Experiential Education, 23(2), 61-63.

Roberts, N.S. (1998, Winter). Resource Review of the book, “Measuring Program Outcomes: A practical approach”, Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 16(4), 109-111.